International Journal of Communication Publishes a Special Section on Image Activism After the Arab Uprisings

International Journal of Communication Publishes a Special Section on Image Activism After the Arab Uprisings

A decade after the outbreak of the Arab uprisings, what remains of the political promise of “cameras everywhere” to permit activists and protesters in the region revived forms of agency, self-expression and connectivity?

Guest-edited by Kari Andén-Papadopoulos,this Special Section on Image Activism After the Arab Uprisings aims to provide a better understanding of what the opportunities and constraints are for practices of grassroots digital image activism within emergent political and media landscapes in the Arab world.

The authors present critical case studies from Syria, Egypt and Palestine that track the current conditions of possibility for Arab digital image activism to actualize counter-dominant practices of capturing, mobilizing and archiving visual documentation of people’s struggles for justice in the region. Where traditional media studies tend to focus on activist and citizen image making as content rather than as embodied and embedded practices, these articles bring into critical view a range of concrete, contextual and innovative repertoires of activist video and photography practices in the wake of the Arab uprisings. The authors’ analyses specifically call attention to the decisive struggle between resistance and control, between efforts to maintain the radical potential of grassroots forms and practices image-making in the region and the renewed hegemonic threats and pressures of co-optation, commodification, and censorship.

Together, the contributions to this Special Section suggest inventive avenues to understand the political possibilities of camera-mediated Arab activism beyond the reductive lens of “citizen journalism” or the neoliberal rhetoric of “empowerment” in which Arab eyewitness image-makers are viewed as select representatives of a victim community who can transmit their distant suffering to a Western humanitarian gaze.

We invite you to read these articles that published in the International Journal of Communication on September 21, 2020. Please Ctrl+Click on the article titles below for direct linking to the papers of interest.  We look forward to your feedback!


Producing Image Activism After the Arab Uprisings ‒ Introduction 
Kari Andén-Papadopoulos

Refiguring the Aerial in Human Rights Activism: The Case of the Palestinian-Bedouin Village of al-Araqib
Hagit Keysar, Debby Farber

Challenges in Codifying Events Within Large and Diverse Data Sets of Human Rights Documentation: Memory, Intent, and Bias
Jeff Deutch

The “Image-as-Forensic-Evidence” Economy in the Post-2011 Syrian Conflict:
The Power and Constraints of Contemporary Practices of Video Activism

Kari Andén-Papadopoulos

The Augmented Archive: History in Real Time. An Archaeology of Images of the Egyptian Revolution
Kaya Behkalam, Knut Ebeling


Larry Gross                                                      

Arlene Luck
Managing Editor

Guest Editor
Kari Andén-Papadopoulos

According to the latest statistics from Google Scholar, IJoC ranks 3rd among all Humanities, Literature & Arts journals, and 5th among all Communication journals.                                    

International Journal of Communication invites you to read these 33 papers that published in AUGUST

 The International Journal Communication is pleased to announce the publication of 33 papers in August 2020 which includes a Special Section on Internet Shutdowns in Africa. To access these papers, Ctrl+Click on the titles below for direct hyperlinking or go to to read the Special Section. 



“We Need You to Listen to Us”: Youth Activist Perspectives on Intergenerational Dynamics and Adult Solidarity in Youth Movements
AL Liou, Ioana Literat

Tuning In: Identity Formation in Community Radio for Social Change
Bridget Backhaus

Think the Vote: Information Processing, Selective Exposure to Social Media, and Support for Trump and Clinton
Thomas J. Johnson, Magdalena Saldana, Barbara K. Kaye

How Media Storms and Topic Diversity Influence Agenda Fragmentation
Mike Gruszczynski

Formulating Deformation: The Flows of Formless Information
J. Scott Brennen

Huawei Versus the United States? The Geopolitics of Exterritorial Internet Infrastructure
Min Tang

Alienating and Reorganizing Cultural Goods: Using Lefebvre’s Controlled Consumption Model to Theorize Media Industry Change
James N. Gilmore

Use of Messaging Apps and Social Network Sites Among Older Adults: A Mixed-Method Study
Rebecca Ping Yu

Whose Fingerprint Does the News Show? Developing Machine Learning Classifiers
for Automatically Identifying Russian State-Funded News in Serbia

Ognjan Denkovski, Damian Trilling

Compassionate Horror or Compassion Fatigue? Responses to Human-Cost-of-War Photographs
Jennifer Midberry

AI4D: Artificial Intelligence for Development
Supreet Mann, Martin Hilbert

News Storytelling Through Images: Examining the Effects of Narratives and Visuals in News Coverage of Issues
Michail Vafeiadis, Jiangxue (Ashley) Han, Fuyuan Shen

Cultural Mediation in International Exchange Programs: Personalization, Translation, and Coproduction in Exchange Participant Blogs
Kyung Sun Lee, Diana Ingenhoff


All the News That’s Fit to Push: The New York Times Company and Transmedia Daily News
Kevin Moloney

Myth “Today”: Reading Religion Into Research on Mediated Cultural Politics
Stewart M. Hoover

Rethinking (and Retheorizing) Transgender Media Representation: A Roundtable Discussion
Thomas J Billard, Traci B. Abbott, Oliver L. Haimson, Kelsey N. Whipple, Stephenson Brooks Whitestone, Erique Zhang


Louise Ha (Ed.), The Audience and Business of YouTube and Online Videos
Janice Hua Xu

Rongbin Han, Contesting Cyberspace in China: Online Expression and Authoritarian Resilience
Marcus Breen

Felix Stalder, The Digital Condition
Kelly Herman

Patrick W. Berry, Doing Time, Writing Lives: Refiguring Literacy and Higher Education in Prison
Bianca C. Reisdorf

Ashley Hinck, Politics for the Love of Fandom: Fan-Based Citizenship in a Digital World
Kyle A. Hammonds

Ralph A. Gigliotti, Crisis Leadership in Higher Education: Theory and Practice
Dennis S. Gouran

Lee Humphreys, The Qualified Self: Social Media and the Accounting of Everyday Life
Edward B. Kang

Jean Burgess and Joshua Green, YouTube: Online Video and Participatory Culture (2nd edition)
Ivo Furman

Emma Frances Bloomfield, Communication Strategies for Engaging Climate Skeptics: Religion and the Environment
Pamela C. Perrimon

Melissa Brough, Youth Power in Precarious Times: Reimagining Civic Participation
José Alberto Simões


Larry Gross                                                        

Arlene Luck
Managing Editor  

Kady Bell-Garcia
Associate Managing Editor

Please note that according to the latest Google Scholar statistics, IJoC ranks 3rd among all Humanities journals and 5th among all Communications journals in the world — demonstrating the viability open access scholarly publication at the highest level.  

IJoC Publishes Special Section on Internet Shutdown in Africa


International Journal of Communication
Publishes a Special Section on Internet Shutdowns in Africa


There is an evolution underway in how information controls are perceived and understood. The view that Internet access should be a fundamental right has gained traction, but concerns are increasing about the very real threat posed by the dissemination of misinformation and hate speech online. This Special Section on Internet Shutdowns in Africa looks at these tensions within the context of one particularly extreme solution to perceived online threats: Shutting off Internet access. It wades into the fierce debate between advocacy groups that condemn shutdowns as evidence of governments seeking to stifle political dissent, and governments that argue they are increasingly powerless to contain hate speech on social media platforms that are slow to respond to grievances from the global south.

This Special Section emerged from a conference on Internet shutdowns in Africa by the Programme in Comparative Media Law & Policy at the University of Oxford’s Centre for Socio-Legal Studies, and the School of Communications at the University of Johannesburg.  Some of the pieces are the culmination of ideas presented there, while others come from scholars unable to attend, but whose research pushes forward our understanding of Internet shutdowns in important ways. Although Internet shutdowns have now occurred across nearly all continents, they are on the rise in Africa where some of the longest shutdowns have taken place.

Drawing from research across the continent, this Special Section probes the boundaries around what is an Internet shutdown. More than simply intentional government orders to shut off Internet access, the articles included here capture the variations in how Internet shutdowns actually come about and are experienced. For example:

How do we understand social media taxes and their impact on the ability to access the Internet, or Internet blackouts instigated by hacker or private sector companies rather than governments?

Together, the authors, coming from law, communications, political science, and human rights, make a compelling case for the reconceptualization of Internet shutdowns and their relationship to other forms of information control.

(This Special Section emerges from ongoing research from the European Research Council project, ConflictNet ‘The Politics and Practice of Social Media in Conflict’ at the University of Oxford.)

We invite you to read these seven articles that published in the International Journal of Communication on August 13, 2020. Please Ctrl+Click on the article titles below for direct linking to the papers of interest.


The Changing Landscape of Internet Shutdowns in Africa—Introduction
Eleanor Marchant, Nicole Stremlau

Internet Shutdowns and the Limits of the Law
Giovanni De Gregorio, Nicole Stremlau

State-Ordered Internet Shutdowns and Digital Authoritarianism in Zimbabwe
Admire Mare

Dissent Does Not Die in Darkness: Network Shutdowns and Collective Action in
African Countries

Jan Rydzak, Moses Karanja, Nicholas Opiyo

The Slow Shutdown: Information and Internet Regulation in Tanzania From 2010
to 2018 and Impacts on Online Content Creators 

Lisa Parks, Rachel Thompson

“Don’t Tax My Megabytes”: Digital Infrastructure and the Regulation of Citizenship
in Africa 

Clovis Bergère

A Spectrum of Shutdowns: Reframing Internet Shutdowns From Africa
Eleanor Marchant, Nicole Stremlau


Larry Gross

Arlene Luck
Managing Editor

Guest Editors
Eleanor Marchant, Nicole Stremlau

According to the latest statistics from Google Scholar, IJoC ranks 2nd among all Humanities, Literature & Arts journals, and 4th among all Communication journals.                                                              

IJoC Publishes 27 Papers in July 2020

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International Journal of Communication invites you to read these 27 papers that published in JULY 

The International Journal Communication is pleased to announce the publication of 27 papers in JULY 2020. To access these papers, please Ctrl+Click on the titles below for direct hyperlinking. We look forward to your feedback!



Testing Three Measures of Verbal–Visual Frame Interplay in German News Coverage of Refugees and Asylum Seekers
Viorela Dan, Maria E. Grabe, Brent J. Hale

Searching for the Global Audience: A Comparative, Multiple-Method Analysis of a Global Trending Topic on Twitter
Katerina Girginova 

There’s More to the Story: Both Individual and Collective Policy Narratives Can Increase Support for Community-Level Action
Chris Skurka, Jeff Niederdeppe, Liana Winett 

Student Participation and Public Facebook Communication: Exploring the Demand and Supply of Political Information in the Romanian #rezist Demonstrations
Dan Mercea, Toma Burean, Viorel Proteasa

Digital Feminism and Affective Splintering: South Korean Twitter Discourse on 500 Yemeni Refugees
Do Own (Donna) Kim, Nathaniel Ming Curran, Hyun Tae (Calvin) Kim 

The Multiplex Networks of Strategic Alliances and Follower– Followee Relations Among U.S. Technology Companies
Jingyi Sun 

Organizational Threat Appraisal by Publics: The Effects of Perceived Temporal Distance on Health Crisis Outcomes
Sungsu Kim, Yan Jin  

Enabling Cultural Policies? Culture, Capabilities, and Citizenship
Torgeir Uberg Nærland, Jan Fredrik Hovden, Hallvard Moe 

Culture and Health Communication: A Comparative Content Analysis of Tweets from the United States and Korea
Minhee Choi, Brooke Weberling McKeever

Only So Many Hours in a Day: Early Childhood Screen Time in Boston and Mexico City
Lisa B. Hurwitz, David S. Bickham, Summer H. Moukalled, Michael Rich

Authoritarian Populism and the Discourse of “the People” in the Turkish Islamist Media: The Case of Yeni Şafak
Yesim Kaptan

How Satirists Alternate Between Discursive Modes: An Introduction of the Humoristic Metaphors in Satirical News (HMSN) Typology
Ellen Droog, Christian Burgers, Gerard J. Steen

#MeToo; #HimToo: Popular Feminism and Hashtag Activism in the Kavanaugh Hearings
Tisha Dejmanee, Zulfia Zaher, Samantha Rouech, Michael J. Papa

The Effects of Personality Traits and Situational Factors on the Deliberativeness and Civility of User Comments on News Websites
Johannes Beckert, Marc Ziegele 

Is Bad News Biased? How Poll Reporting Affects Perceptions of Media Bias and Presumed Voter Behavior
Mallory R. Perryman, Jordan Foley, Michael W. Wagner

Facebook Not Statebook: Defining SNS Diplomacy with Four Modes of Online Diplomatic Participation
Q. Elyse Huang

Doubt Versus Trust: Framing Effects of the News About the 2018 Trump‒Kim Jong Un Summit in Singapore on American College Students
Chang Sup Park, Barbara K. Kaye

Developing a Mediation Model for Narrative Evidence Processing Based on Social-Cognitive Variables and Agency-Based Cultural Exemplars
Soo Jung Hong

Cross-Media Usage Repertoires and Their Political Impacts: The Case of China
Qiong Gong, Marc Verboord, Susanne Janssen

Book Reviews

Carey Jewitt, Sara Price, Kerstin Mackley, Nikoleta Giannoutsou, and Douglas Atkinson, Interdisciplinary Insights For Digital Touch Communication
Wei Zhang 

Nancy Baym, Playing to the Crowd: Musicians, Audiences, and the Intimate Work of Connection
Alexandria Arrieta 

Advances in Digital Intimacy Research (Book essay on 2 books)
Lik Sam Chan

Pablo J. Boczkowski and C. W. Anderson (Eds.), Remaking the News: Essays on the Future of Journalism Scholarship in the Digital Age
Shuning Lu

Philip N. Howard, Lie Machines, How to Save Democracy from Troll Armies, Deceitful Robots, Junk News Operations, and Political Operatives
Albana Dwonch

Taberez Ahmed Neyazi, Political Communication and Mobilisation: The Hindi Media in India
Tabassum Ruhi Khan

Rajiv George Aricat and Rich Ling, Mobile Communication and Low-Skilled Migrants’ Acculturation to Cosmopolitan Singapore
Mai Nou Xiong-Gum

Christina Dunbar-Hester, Hacking Diversity: The Politics of Inclusion in Open
Technology Cultures

Samantha Shorey


Larry Gross

Arlene Luck
Managing Editor    

According to the latest statistics from Google Scholar, IJoC ranks 2nd among all Humanities, Literature & Arts journals, and 4th among all Communication journals.                                                              

IJoC Publishes 31 Papers in JUNE 2020

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International Journal of Communication invites you to read these 31 papers that published in JUNE 

The International Journal Communication is pleased to announce the publication of 31 papers in June 2020 including a Special Section on Participation and Media. To access these papers, please Ctrl+Click on the titles below for direct hyperlinking, or to for the Special Section.


From Disenchantment to Reenchantment: Rural Microcelebrities, Short Video, and the Spectacle-ization of the Rural Lifescape on Chinese Social Media
Han Li

Governing Hate Content Online: How the Rechtsstaat Shaped the Policy Discourse on the NetzDG in Germany
Danya He 

Historiography of Korean Esports: Perspectives on Spectatorship
Dal Yong Jin

A Model of Social Eavesdropping in Communication Networks
Leila Bighash, Kristen S. Alexander, Christina S. Hagen, Andrea B. Hollingshead

Examining Factors Associated With Facebook Use Among Sheltered Homeless in Hawai’i
Wayne Buente, Rachel Neo, Luz M. Quiroga, Joseph Greene

Capturing Citizens’ Opinions Through a Combination of Survey and Online Social Data
Manuela Farinosi, Leopoldina Fortunati, John O’Sullivan, Laura Pagani

Source Interests, News Frames, and Risk Delineation: A Content Analysis of U.S. Newspapers’ Coverage of Genetically Modified Food (1994–2015)
Xigen Li, Zerui Liang, Xiaohua Wu

Participation and Transmediality: Audience Influence on Web Series
Tomás Atarama-Rojas, Enrique Guerrero-Pérez, Valeria Gerbolini

Discourse of Practice: The Negotiation of Sexual Norms Via Online Religious Discourse
Ruth Tsuria

How Combining Terrorism, Muslim, and Refugee Topics Drives Emotional Tone in Online News: A Six-Country Cross-Cultural Sentiment Analysis
Chung-Hong Chan, Hartmut Wessler, Eike Mark Rinke, Kasper Welbers, Wouter van Atteveldt, Scott Althaus

Intermedia Reliance and Sustainability of Emergent Media: A Large-Scale Analysis of American News Outlets’ External Linking Behaviors
Chankyung Pak, Kelley Cotter, Julia DeCook

“He and the Paper Had Merged Into One”: An Analysis of the Coverage of the Death of Israeli Journalists
Moran Avital-BenAtar

Social Media News Consumption and Opinion Polarization on China’s Trade Practices: Evidence from a U.S. National Survey
Yanqin Lu, Rik Ray, Louisa Ha, Peiqin Chen

Refugees and National Identity in Letters to the Editor
Kate Dunsmore, Andrea Hickerson

Are Netflix and Spotify Subscribers More Likely to Pay for Online News? Comparative Analysis of Data From Six Countries
Richard Fletcher, Rasmus Kleis Nielsen 

Mind Your Social Media Manners: Pseudonymity, Imaginary Audience, and Incivility on Facebook vs. YouTube
Gi Woong Yun, Sasha Allgayer, Sung-Yeon Park

Anonymous’s Glory
Ashley E. Gorham


Ideological Health Spirals: An Integrated Political and Health Communication Approach to COVID Interventions
Dannagal G. Young, Amy Bleakley


Russell Chun and Susan J. Drucker (Eds.), Fake News: Real Issues in Modern Communication
Dennis S. Gouran

Maria Repnikova, Media Politics in China: Improvising Power Under Authoritarianism
Ruth Moon

Melissa Zimdars and Kembrew McLeod, Fake News: Understanding Media and Misinformation in the Digital Age
Rachel E. Moran 

Kathleen Hall Jamieson, Cyberwar: How Russian Hackers and Trolls Helped Elect a President: What We Don’t, Can’t and Do Know
Danielle R. Mehlman-Brightwell

Angles of the Youth Digital Divide
AnneMarie McClain

Elena Giannoulis and Lukas R. A. Wilde (Eds.), Emoticons, Kaomoji, and Emoji: The Transformation of Communication in the Digital Age
ZiBi Huang


Larry Gross

Arlene Luck
Managing Editor    

According to the latest statistics from Google Scholar, IJoC ranks 2nd among all Humanities, Literature & Arts journals, and 4th among all Communication journals.