IJPC Publishes Study on How Journalists Are Portrayed in the Early Years of the Silent Film

Announcements header

The Image of the Journalist in Popular Culture
Journal (IJPC)
Publishes Study on How Journalists
Are Portrayed in the Early years of the Silent Film

A groundbreaking study of journalists’ portrayals in the first years of the silent film is featured in the seventh edition of The Image of the Journalist in Popular Culture Journal (The IJPC Journal). Other articles add to our critical understanding of how movies based on comic book superheroes have depicted the news media, and offer a glimpse at a heretofore un-examined area of study—the image of the journalist in British novels over the past century.

IJPC silent film image
“The Image of the Journalist in Silent Film, 1890 to 1929: Part One 1890 to 1919,” by Joe Saltzman with Liz Mitchell, is a comprehensive examination of how motion pictures in their infancy regularly turned to the press as subject matter. It is the first comprehensive study of the beginning of cinema’s earliest depictions of the journalist, mostly newspaper reporters, editors and publishers.

Although most of these movies have been lost (as is the case with the vast majority of silent films), detailed plot summaries and production stills can be found in silent film periodicals of the era, and they reveal that most of the clichés and stereotypes of today’s portrayals of journalists date back to the earliest days of film. Saltzman and Mitchell’s study examines the extent to which these depictions of the press were positive or negative; it also details the character types that emerged: the hard-bitten male reporter, the adventure-seeking war correspondent, the tough-but-tender female reporter, the advice-to-the-lovelorn columnist, the green cub reporter, the bellowing big-city editor, the sinister media baron, the acerbic drama critic, and the plucky newsboy, among others. The article also looks at the influence of the newspaper on silent film plots as part of a broader consideration of the relationship between the news media and the entertainment industry during the silent film era. Included with the article are links to 11 appendices that contain original reviews and summaries of the films that were examined as part of the study.

Katherine A. Foss’s “No Longer Seeking `Truth, Justice and the American Way’: Journalists and the Press in Comic Books and Contemporary Film Adaptations” looks at recent Hollywood adaptations of such comic book franchises as Batman, Superman, Spider-Man, and Captain America. In earlier movies about these superheroes, journalist characters often played key roles and the films presented a comparatively upbeat portrayal of the press. However, Foss argues that the movies of the past decade or so have minimized the role of journalism or have made the media an instrument for villainy. She considers the unsettling implications of such depictions for popular perceptions of journalism at a time when public trust in the news media is at a low ebb.

Sarah Lonsdale’s essay “The Journalist in British Fiction” presents a brief overview of her new book on the subject. She has studied more than 150 novels, short stories, poems, and plays that have focused on journalism in some way and that were written by British authors aiming at a broad “middlebrow” audience. Lonsdale suggests that fiction can provide unique insight into the mindset of the British journalist at specific historical moments over the past 100 years as well as into shifting literary attitudes toward the news media.

Please read these articles at
http://ijpc.uscannenberg.org/journal/index.php/ijpcjournal/issue/current

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The IJPC Journal is accepting manuscripts on any aspect of the image of the journalist or the public relations practitioner in popular culture.  Please contact the IJPC editors Joe Saltzman (saltzman@usc,edu), Matthew C. Ehrlich (mehrlich@illinois.edu), and Sammye Johnson  (sjohnson@trinity.edu).

International Journal of Communication 
Publishes a Special Section on Digital Traces in Context

The International Journal of Communication
Publishes a Special Section on Digital Traces in Context

Digital traces

                                                                                                                     Photo: © Beate C. Koehler

Wherever we are, whatever we do, living in a media saturated social world we leave ‘footprints’ of our media use that constitute an archive of ‘digital traces.’ But how can we analyze adequately these digital traces? How can we contextualize them—theoretically and methodologically as well as empirically?

In this Special Section on Digital Traces in Context by international experts in digital media, datafication and digital methods, guest-edited by professors Andreas Hepp, Andreas Breiter and Thomas Friemel, explores the challenges involved when putting digital traces into context. These authors discuss, on the one hand, the necessity to rethink media and communications theory when it comes to ‘vanity metrics,’ ‘media analytics,’ and ‘infrastructure’ while on the other, they reflect on various approaches to putting digital traces into context—and the methodological differences implied by the variety of available platforms such as Google Maps, Twitter, Facebook, or the ecosystem of Apple’s App Store. Furthermore, this Special Section reflects on forms of agency when it comes to digital traces such as critical data practices, software development, and various forms of self-tracking. In a concluding commentary, economic implications of digital traces are discussed alluding to the possible emergence of a new turn of capitalism.

We invite you to read these 15 articles that published in the International Journal of Communication on January 29, 2018. Please Ctrl+Click on the essay titles below for direct linking to the papers of interest.

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Digital Traces in Context: An Introduction
Andreas Hepp, Andreas Breiter, Thomas Friemel

Otherwise Engaged: Otherwise Engaged: Social Media from Vanity Metrics to Critical Analytics
Richard Rogers

100 Billion Data Rows per Second: 100 Billion Data Rows per Second: Media Analytics in the Early 21st Century
Lev Manovich

Google Maps as Cartographic Infrastructure: From Participatory Mapmaking to Database Maintenance
Jean-Christophe Plantin

Political Agency, Digital Traces and Bottom-Up Data Practices
Stefania Milan

Tweets Are Not Created Equal. A Platform Perspective on Social Media Metrics
Carolin Gerlitz, Bernhard Rieder

Reuniting a Divided Public? Tracing the TTIP Debate on Twitter and in Traditional Media
Gerret von Nordheim, Karin Boczek, Lars Koppeers, Elena Erdmann

From “Knowledge Brokers” to Opinion Makers: How Physical Presence Affected Scientists’ Twitter Use During the COP21 Climate Change Conference
Stefanie Walter, Fenja De Silva-Schmidt, Michael Brüggemann

Social Media Giveth, Social Media Taketh Away: Facebook, Friendships and APIs
Bernie Hogan

Unraveling the App Store: Toward an Interpretative Perspective on Tracing
Tilo Grenz, Heiko Kirschner

Self-Tracking Data as Digital Traces of Identity: A Theoretical Analysis of Contextual Factors of Self-Observation Practices
Bernadette Kneidinger-Müller

Personal Data Contexts, Data Sense and Self-Tracking Cycling
Deborah Lupton, Sarah Pink, Christine Heyes LaBond, Shanti Sumartojo

Digital Traces and Personal Analytics: iTime, Self-Tracking, and the Temporalities of Practice
Martin Hand, Michelle Gorea

Appropriating Digital Traces of Self-Quantification: Contextualizing Pragmatic and Enthusiast Self-Trackers
Ulrike Gerhard, Andreas Hepp

Tracing Capitalism’s Turn to Data: Or, Contextualizing Daily Life’s New Data “Context” — Commentary
Nick Couldry

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Larry Gross
Editor

Arlene Luck
Managing Editor

Andreas Hepp, Andreas Breiter, and Thomas Friemel
Guest Editors

Digital Traces

Announcements header

The International Journal of Communication is delighted to announce the publication of 56 papers in January 2018 including a Special Section on Digital Traces in Context

To access these papers, please Ctrl+Click on the article titles below for direct linking  or go to ijoc.org.  We look forward to your feedback!

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ARTICLES

Communicating on Twitter for Charity: Understanding the Wall of Kindness Initiative in Afghanistan, Iran, and Pakistan
Laeeq Khan, Zulfia Zaher, Bowen Gao

Positive or Negative? The Influence of Message Framing, Regulatory Focus, and Product Type
Hsiao-Ching Lee, Shu-Fang Liu, Ya-Chung Cheng

The Pull of Humanitarian Interventionism: Examining the Effects of Media Frames and Political Values on People’s Choice of Resolution
Jovan Milojevich, Peter Beattie

A Mixed Methods Approach to Examining the Relationship Between News Media Literacy and Political Efficacy
Melissa Tully, Emily K. Vraga

The Power of Narratives: A New Understanding of Antibiotic Resistance
Slavica Kodish

The Public Intellectual as Agent-Egoist: Sherry Turkle’s Ethnography
Marcus Breen

News Media Use and the Informed Public in the Digital Age
Michael A. Xenos, Dietram Scheufele, Dominique Brossard, Doo-Hun Choi, Michael Cacciatore, Sara Yeo, Leona Yi-Fan Su

An Analysis of the Korean Wave as Transnational Popular Culture: North American Youth Engage Through Social Media as TV Becomes Obsolete
Dal Yong Jin

Media Use and Environmental Engagement: Examining Differential Gains from News Media and Social Media
Nan Zhang, Marko M. Skoric

Political Talk Preferences: Selection of Similar and Different Discussion Partners and Groups
Alyssa C. Morey, Steven B. Kleinman, Mark Boukes

Who’s Afraid of a Pan-European Spectrum Policy? The EU and the Battles Over the UHF Broadcast Band
Marko Ala-Fossi, Montse Bonet

Feast for the Eyes: Effects of Food Perceptions and Computer Vision Features on Food Photo Popularity
Yilang Peng, John B. Jemmott III

Outside-In Constructions of Organizational Legitimacy: Sensitizing the Influence of Evaluative Judgments Through Mass Self-Communication in Online Communities
Deike Schulz, Jan Jonker, Niels Faber 

Framing Philanthropy in Time of War
Shani Horowitz-Rozen, Eytan Gilboa

Returning to Kolchak: Polymediated Narrative, Discourse, and Supernatural Drama
Andrew F. Herrmann, Art Herbig

My Hero, Your Aggressor: Differences in Perceptions of News Media Brand Personality
Danny D. E. Kim

Gender, Parasocial Interaction, and Nonverbal Communication: Testing the Visual Effect of Sports Magazine Cover Models
Ben Wasike

Examining the Role of Communication Activities in Perceived Collective Efficacy and Neighborhood Violence
Masahiro Yamamoto

United States Digital Service: How “Obama’s Startup” Harnesses Disruption and Productive Failure to Reboot Government
Stephanie Ricker Schulte

The Nation-State in the Digital Age: A Contextual Analysis in 33 Countries
Jia Lu, Xinchuan Liu

What Influences Adolescents’ Rumor Acceptance and Support for Participation in Sociopolitical Issues? Analyzing the Role of Patterns and Levels of Communication
Jae-Seon Jeong, Seungyoon Lee

From Women Empowerment to Nation Branding: A Case Study From the United Arab Emirates
Ilhem Allagui, Abeer Al-Najjar

The Contextual Accomplishment of Privacy
Kelly Quinn, Zizi Papacharissi

The Digital Public Sphere: An Alternative and Counterhegemonic Space? The Case of Spain
Víctor Sampedro, Mayra Martínez-Avidad

Prosocial vs. Trolling Community on Facebook: A Comparative Study of Individual Group Communicative
Elmie Nekmat, Kellyn Lee

BOOK REVIEWS

Maria Soledad Segura and Silvio Waisbord, Media Movements: Civil Society and Media Policy Reform in Latin America
Jessica Roberts

Peter Simonson and David W. Park (Eds.), The International History of Communication Studies
Xianbing Ke

Shakuntala Rao and Herman Wasserman (Eds.), Media Ethics and Justice in the Age of Globalization
Monika Raesch

John Cheney-Lippold, We Are Data: Algorithms and the Making of Our Digital Selves
Oscar Gandy

Mirko Tobias Schäfer and Karin van Es (Eds.), The Datafied Society: Studying Culture Through Data
Min Wang

Scott Timcke, Capital, State, Empire: The New American Way of Digital Warfare
Sibo Chen

Sean Phalen, Neoliberalism, Media and the Political
Oliver Boyd-Barrett

Mirko Tobias Schäfer and Karin van Es (Eds.), The Datafied Society
Ester Appelgren

Jan Servaes and Toks Oyedemi (Eds.), The Praxis of Social Inequality in Media: A Global Perspective
Oscar Gandy

Jonathan Beller, The Message is Murder: Substrates of Computational Capital
Daniel Lark

Pali U. K. De Silva and Candace K. Vance, Scientific Scholarly Communication: The Changing Landscape
Ana Tomicic

Bilge Yesil, Media in New Turkey: The Origins of an Authoritarian Neoliberal State
Meredith Pruden

Ramon Lobato and Julian Thomas, The Informal Media Economy
Paolo Sigismondi

Kjetil Sandvik, Anne Mette Thorhauge, and Bjarki Valtysson (Eds.), The Media and the Mundane: Communication Across Media in Everyday Life
Deborah Neffa Creech

Linje Manyozo, Communicating Development with Communities
Winifredo Dagli

Des Freedman, The Contradictions of Media Power
Steve Macek

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Larry Gross                                                  Arlene Luck
Editor                                                              Managing Editor

 

International Journal of Communication Publishes a Special Section on Health Communication

Health comm pix

This Special Section on “Health Communication through Media Narratives: Factors, Processes and Effects” brings together 10 original papers (plus an editorial introduction) on current research in the area of narrative health communication worldwide. Narrative health communication — a form of persuasive communication to promote healthy behavior — presents its message in the structure of a story.

This Special Section focuses on the primary question:  How are people influenced by health narratives and what characteristics make a health narrative persuasive?

These papers investigate a wide range of health topics, such as HPV vaccination, HIV prevention, physical exercise, organ donation, drunk driving, cancer, and cardiovascular diseases.  All 10 studies have important implications for the understanding of how people process health narratives, and moreover, contribute to the practice of designing effective health narratives. This Special Section provides a synthesis of knowledge which indicates the significant trends that are taking place in this research area and point to directions for future studies.

We invite you to read these articles that published in the International Journal of Communication on November 20, 2017. Please Ctrl+Click on the article titles below for direct linking to the papers of interest.
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Health Communication through Media Narratives: Factors, Processes and Effects — Introduction
Katalin Balint, Helena Bilandzic

Operational and Conceptual Trends in Narrative Persuasion Research:  Comparing Health and Non-Health Related Contexts
Michael Dahlstrom, Jeff Niederdeppe, Lijing Gao, Xiaowen Zhu

Transportation Into Narrative Worlds and the Motivation to Change Health-Related Behavior
Timon Gebbers, John B. F. De Wit, Markus Appel

Moved to Act: Examining the Role of Mixed Affect and Cognitive Elaboration in “Accidental” Narrative Persuasion
Enny Das, Tijmen Nobbe, Mary Beth Oliver

“Don’t Make My Mistake”: On the Processing of Narrative Fear Appeals
Joëlle A. Ooms, Carel J.M. Jansen, Saar Hommes, John C.J. Hoeks

Who Cares What Others Think? The Role of Latinas’ Acculturation in the Processing of HPV Vaccination Narrative Messages
Nathan Walter, Sheila T. Murphy, Lauren B. Frank, Lourdes Baezconde-Garbanati

“She Died of a Mother’s Broken Heart”: Media and Audiences’ Framing of Health Narratives of Heart-Related Celebrity Deaths
Hilde Van den Bulck

Engaging Doctors and Depressed Patients: Effects of Referential Viewpoint and Role Similarity in Health Narratives
Kobie van Krieken, José Sanders

Risk Versus Planning Health Narratives Targeting Dutch Truck Drivers: Obtaining Impact Via Different Routes?
Anniek Boeijinga, Hans Hoeken, José Sanders

Dispelling Fears and Myths of Organ Donation: How Narratives Including Information Reduce Ambivalence and Reactance
Freya Sukalla, Anna J. M. Wagner, Isabel Rackow

The Narrative Within the Narrative: The Effectiveness of Narrative HIV Prevention Ads Depends on Their Placement Within a Context Narrative
Anja Kalch, Helena Bilandzic

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Larry Gross
Editor

Arlene Luck
Managing Editor

Katalin E. Balint, Helena Bilandzic
Guest Editors

International Journal of Communication
Publishes a Special COMPASS Section on
Media Policy Research and Practice

COMPASS IMAGE FINAL

What is the relationship between communication research and media policy?

What insights emerge from academic encounters with the policymaking apparatus?

How can this critical engagement help address today’s most pressing media policy problems?

This Special Section on Media Policy Research and Practice  features essays from doctoral students participating in the Consortium on Media Policy Studies (COMPASS) program. In 2004, the COMPASS program emerged as a joint effort between several leading communication departments, designed to immerse PhD students in policymaking processes to better inform their research and help build the field. At the same time, it encourages government and NGO policymakers to incorporate insights from such scholarship into their daily work. This reflects the program’s commitment to the idea that communication research, with its interdisciplinary origins, structural focus, and critical approach, can provide meaningful contributions to media policy analyses and debates.

The contributors to this Special Section secured fellowships related to their research interests in government institutions such as the State Department and the FCC, and nonprofit media advocacy organizations and think tanks like Common Cause, Free Press, the New America Foundation, and Public Knowledge. During their summer fellowships, the fellows were exposed to the daily practices of media policymaking, while contributing research to the policy work of their host institutions. The Special Section articles engage a range of important policy issues—from online privacy and surveillance, to copyright and advertising regulation—and propose policy reforms to make the policymaking processes and debates more transparent, accountable, and accessible to the public. Together, they make the case for the productive nexus of research and practice, highlighting the value of communication scholars’ interventions in key policy debates.

We invite you to read these feature essays that published in the International Journal of Communication on November 8, 2017.  Please Ctrl+Click on the essay titles below for direct linking to the papers of interest.

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Media Policy Research and Practice: Insights and Interventions ‒ Introduction
Pawel Popiel, University of Pennsylvania
Victor Pickard, University of Pennsylvania
Mark Lloyd, University of Southern California

Who’s Behind that Political Ad? The FCC’s Online Political Files and Failures in Sponsorship Identification Regulation
Rachel E. Moran, University of Southern California

Critical Communication Policy Research and the Attention Economy: From Digital Labor Theory to Digital Class Struggle
Brice Nixon, Temple University

Measuring the Journalism Crisis: Developing New Approaches That Help the Public Connect to the Issue
Alex T. Williams, University of Pennsylvania

Television Versus the Internet for Information Seeking: Lessons from Global Survey Research
Sonia Jawaid Shaikh, University of Southern California

Race, Class, and Privacy: A Critical Historical Review
Matt Reichel, Rutgers University

New Media, Work Boundaries, and Privacy
Opeyemi Akanbi, University of Pennsylvania

Training Doctors to Communicate: Lessons from Integrating Behavioral and Social Science into Medical Education
Jillian Kwong, University of Southern California

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Larry Gross
Editor

Arlene Luck
Managing Editor

Pawel Popiel, Victor Pickard, Mark Lloyd
Guest Editors

 

International Journal of Communication
Publishes a Special Section on Global to Village

Global to village image

While McLuhan’s famous “global village” concept invokes the village in a metaphorical sense without paying any attention to rural issues, media and rural development was a primary concern in communication as a nascent post-World War II social science discipline. Today, despite massive urbanization and various premature pronouncements about the “death of the peasantry,” the size of the world’s rural population is larger than ever, and rural people all over the world continue to demonstrate themselves to be formidable social forces and cultural agents.

How can we deepen the study of global communication?  How can the communication field renew its engagement with the rural population and village communities in our globalized and digitalized world?

How to conceptualize and integrate the urban–rural divide, and along with it, the “metabolic rift” that Marx had also concerned himself with, as a relevant analytical framework for research perspectives that have systematically privileged the urban and prioritized the labor–capital relationship in studying the intersections of communication, culture and global capitalism?

In the Summer of 2015, Yuezhi Zhao, a Canadian-based communication scholar and editor of this Special Section, took a group of young Canadian scholars to Heyang, her native Chinese village, to “ground” their respective research topics in the rural context.  Participants included current Simon Fraser University (SFU) doctoral students and graduates of both SFU and the Communication University of China global communication MA double-degree program. The result is a test bed in a new rural communication research agenda and a unique experiment in global communication pedagogy.

Informed by the transcultural political economy of a global communication perspective and immersed in field research in the village, this “Global to Village: Grounding Communication Research in Rural China” Special Section turns McLuhan’s global village concept inside out. In combining political economy with field research and engaging with the multifaceted lived experiences of villagers, Heyang serves as a vantage point from which global systems and systemic issues are reassessed, reexamined, and even reimagined. The insights generated by the papers add nuances to the grand narratives of China’s rise and its soft power projection overseas. They also demonstrate the pressing need for communication and cultural scholars to move beyond the instrumentally focused concerns with information technologies and development to engage with the place of the rural in the sustenance of cultural identity, community, and local ecology, as well as ways to live a “good life.”

We invite you to read these articles that published in the International Journal of Communication on October 30, 2017  Please Ctrl+Click on the article titles below for direct linking to the papers of interest.

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Introduction to Global to Village: Grounding Communication Research in Rural China
Yuezhi Zhao

The Political Economy and Cultural Politics of Rural Nostalgia in Xi-Era China: The Case of Heyang
Linda Qian

When Technological Closeness Begets Social Distancing: From Mobile Phones to Wired Radio and a Yearning for the Mass Line in Rural China
Byron Hauck

A Dreamland or the Land of Broken Dreams: Juxtaposed Conceptions of the Good Life in Heyang
Xiaoxing Zhang

Toward Multiple Conceptions of Human-Nature Relationship: The “Human-Nature Unity” Frame Found in a Chinese Village
Sibo Chen

Reading Movement in the Everyday: The Rise of Guangchangwu in a Chinese Village
Maggie Chao

Research as Communicative Praxis: Crossing the Urban–Rural Divide in Understanding Hong Kong’s Occupy Central Movement
Vanessa Kong

Rewiring UNESCO’s World Heritage Centre and Rural Peripheries: Imagined Community and Concrete Inequality from France’s Corsica to China’s Heyang
Joseph Nicolai
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Larry Gross
Editor

Arlene Luck
Managing Editor

Yuezhi Zhao
Guest Editor

 

Information Technologies & International  Development
Publishes Special Section on ICTD 2016 

ICTD 2016

More than 10 years ago, the first information and communication technologies and development (ICTD) conference was held in Berkeley, California. The now annual conference is a place to understand, examine, critique, and refine the persistent and pervasive hope that ICT (Information and Communication Technology) can support human development.  In June 2016, nearly 300 scholarly researchers from around the world gathered for the eighth ICTD conference at the University of Michigan to explore the role of ICTs in social, political, and economic development. In this Special Section (guest-edited by Susan Wyche) we present four selected papers from the conference proceedings.

These articles reflect the breadth of disciplines that epitomize the ICTD community (from communication, policy, human-computer interaction, and information studies). They also focus on a range of populations and geographic regions including foreign brides in Singapore and mobile phone repairers in Kampala.  Though diverse, all articles demonstrate how the community is expanding the scope of its concerns beyond traditional areas within socioeconomic development (e.g., health, education, and livelihoods) to also include a wider range of activities, (e.g., repair, privacy, and women’s empowerment).

We are pleased to announce that these five articles have been published in  Information Technologies & International Development on October 26, 2017.  Please Ctrl+Click on the article titles below for direct links to the papers of interest.  We look forward to hearing your feedback.

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From the Guest Editor ― Editorial Introduction
Susan Wyche

Deploying ICTs for Development: An Evolutionary Perspective
Balaji Parthasarathy, Yuko Aoyama

Mobile Phones and Gender Empowerment: Negotiating the Essentialist–Aspirational Dialectic 
Hoan Nguyen, Arul Chib, Ramaswami Mahalingam

Privacy in Repair: An Analysis of the Privacy Challenges Surrounding Broken Digital Artifacts in Bangladesh
Syed Ahmed Ishtiaque, Shion Guha, Md. Rashidujjaman Rifat, Faysal Hossain Shezan, Nicola Dell

Caring for the “Next Billion” Mobile Handsets: Proprietary Closures and the Work of Repair
Lara Houston, Steven J. Jackson

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François Bar, Kentaro Toyama
Co-Editors in Chief                                                  

Arlene Luck
Managing Editor

Susan Wyche
Guest Editor